The presentation of the seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and the Paris climate summit (COP21) in 2015 completed the definition of the priorities for sustainable development and combating climate change in the short, medium and long term.
Under Agenda 2030, the public and private sectors, civil society and other stakeholders are participating in organisations whose aim is to put an end to poverty and social inequality, foster economic growth, protect the environment and limit global warming.
Participants range from activist organisations and non-profits to governments and companies, working for sustainable development through a range of initiatives, such as supporting awareness-raising campaigns, renewable energy and carbon pricing.
Some of them fall under the umbrella of the United Nations (UN), an institution that encompasses all the countries in the world and forges consensus, such as the latest Paris Agreement to combat climate change, which will be ratified once the states sign it between 22 April 2016 and 22 April 2017.
The United Nations, which hosted and nurtured the Sustainable Development Goals, encompasses a number of organisations related to energy, such as the Caring for Climate platform, which seeks to strengthen the role of business in the global strategy against climate change and to raise awareness among governments and public institutions about climate change mitigation.
Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) offers interesting solutions to achieve SDG no. 7 "Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all". It poses three goals for 2030: universal access to modern energy services, improve energy efficiency by 40%, and produce 30% of energy from renewable sources.
Also in the framework of the UN, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is advancing in the adoption and use of renewable energy. It develops new synergies, and facilitates dialogue and best practice sharing.
Global Compact Lead falls under a broader definition of sustainability. This initiative of the United Nations promotes fulfilment of Ten Principles in the fields of human rights, labour regulations, the environment and anti-corruption.