Have you ever heard the term carbon neutrality? It is one of the world aspiration in environmental protection and a measure to combat climate change. Do you want to know what it is and how is it used?
Carbon neutrality is the equivalent of a net result of zero emissions. There are several actions that emitter agents can take to reach this balance, being achieved largely due to the phasing out the use of fossil fuels (oil, coal, natural gas, etc.), main cause of global warming.
First, there are reduction measures and compensation:
- Reduction of energy consumption and emissions-producing activities
- Improving energy efficiency of processes
- Technological innovation in low carbon
- Consumption of renewable electricity (wind, solar, hydro, solar thermal, etc.)
When it gets difficult to keep reducing emissions, or the cost of the measures is very high, CO₂ reduction certificates of offset projects which allow to decrease global emissions and promote sustainable development are acquired.
In this video we can see how carbon neutrality through reduction and compensation can be achieved: