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The loss and degradation of biodiversity negatively affects every level of the planet, especially the poor and vulnerable: women, children and indigenous people, therefore, biological diversity is indispensable for the well-being of mankind. America is the continent that has the most countries rich in biodiversity: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela and the United States. For its part, in Asia, the countries with the greatest bio-diversity are China, Indonesia, India, Philippines and Malaysia. In Africa, Madagascar, Democratic Republic of Congo and South Africa. And, lastly, Oceana has Australia and Papua New Guinea. These countries, together are home to more than 70% of the planet's bio-diversity! and their territory is only 10% of the earth's surface.The quantity and quality of forests, as well as living creatures, is the data analyzed for preparing this list of the Top 10 countries with the greatest bio-diversity of 2014. Would you like to learn about them?
It is the country with the greatest bio-diversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity. Even so, the loss of tropical forest (due to uncontrolled agriculture and logging) is still on the rise.
Contains nearly 10% of all known species of birds, fish and plants registered in the world and 6% of mammal and reptile species. Poaching and deforestation are problems that this territory rich in bio-diversity must face.
70% of species that inhabit these islands are totally unique in the world. Its great richness of biodiversity goes from lemurs, mongoose, chameleons, bats, foxes... Additionally, during the last decade 40 mammals, 69 amphibians, 61 reptiles, 42 invertebrates and 385 new plants were discovered within its territory. Even so, 75% of its forests have disappeared over the last few decades; therefore urgent measures must be taken to stop this phenomenon.
It is known for having roughly 54,871 different species, which comprise one of the richest bio-diversities on the planet. The natural forests form 53% of the territory and have 324 different types of ecosystems. Currently, up to 1,500 different species are in danger of extinction, therefore measures must also be taken in order to maintain its rich biodiversity.
This country has more species of plants per area unit than any other country in South America. 18% of the total discovered birds in world, 1,655 birds, are found in Ecuador. The 382 mammal species that exist in this country, comprise 7% of the 5,490 species registered in the world. It is, in summary, a rich tropical region, with wetlands, due to its privileged geographic location in the Neotropics, which makes it form part of this privileged list of biodiversity.
Home to between 10 and 12% of the species of the planet. Why does it have these fantastic biodiversity statistics? Because of its privileged geographic position, the variety of climates and its complex topography, which have propitiated a wide variety of conditions. Additionally, it is one of the countries with the longest coastlines and has its own exclusive sea "the Golf of California", which is the largest reef in the world.
Throughout its vast area, the US has almost 400 National Parks where we find deserts, glaciers, forests, lowlands and canyons. In accordance with the climate of each zone, the native vegetation and animal life shows a great variety. Yosemite, Yellowstone, Glacier Bay in Alaska, Hawaii... A paradise of bio-diversity.
It is the third largest country in the world. Its great diversity of landscapes and variety of natural resources, are spread throughout its mountains (which fill 43% of the country). It has 30,000 plants and 6,347 vertebrates, which is 10% and 14% of the animals and plants present in the world. But, again, between 15% and 20% of the plants are on the border of extinction, affecting the survival of up to 40,000 biological species.
The bio-diversity of its mountains, marine life, indigenous population... turn the Philippines into a paradise of bio-diversity, with over 7100 islands rich in vegetation and animal life. Sadly, its jungles constantly suffer exploitation of their natural resources, therefore they must stay vigilant. The increasing frequency of typhoons due to climate change is another factor that can destroy this pearl of the planet.
The interesting thing about Australia, is that despite being mainly desert or, at least, semi-arid, it has a wide variety of habitats that also include tropical jungles. Its climates are extremely variable, but thanks to the isolation in time experimented by other continents, this means that 85% of the flowering plants, 84% of the mammals, over 45% of the birds, and 90% of the fish from the temperate coastal regions (where the most bio-diversity is contained) are endemic.
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